- Focal length: 24 mm
- Exposure time: 20 seconds
Mode: AV mode with + 2 stops over (compensation +/-).
Focus: f/9 hyperfocal mark. Focus is almost hyerfocal with slight biased to foreground.
Taken on November 5, 2011
Location: The Ice Beach at Breidarmurkursandur
Winter photo tour to Jökulsarlon lagoon and Ice Beach. After enjoying the glacier lagoon for the afternoon, we managed to catch some sunset colours on the ice beach. Fortunately for us, there were some amazing ice pops.
This photo was taken early November on 2 day Jökulsarlon tour. I was taking some shots without an ND filter and some shots with. This is one of the shots with the Neutral Density filter – which creates a slight rose tint. This was one of the last photos of the session and everything fells into place when the sky reached it’s best.
Because I was not so close to the foreground ice (about 8 ft) f/11 was chosen because sharpness can easily be achieved throughout the scene from the Ice to the sea. Beyond the edge of the sea, sharpness is pointless because the clouds and waves move during the exposure.
The composition challenge was putting my camera into the right position to ensure good proportions of sea, ice & sky. The sky is constantly changing and you need to be able to predict the movement and keep shooting, because you cannot press rewind. For the ice and beach I placed the ice slightly left because I felt it was pointing to the right – this way the ice is pointing into the scene. Next I made sure there was a comfortable space around the ice, so that I wasn’t crossing any horizons or overlapping other ice by having the camera quite high.
I might have been able to get closer to this ice with a 50mm. This would have captured more detail on the ice and a more intimate feel. My 24mm, however, captured more of the sky and plenty of rich detail in the ice.
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Long exposure = 20 seconds.
This sort of exposure time allows a couple of seconds exposure on the sky. So after 2 or so seconds, I dropped the cloth and was quite heavy with it – covering most of the scene for most of the duration and only executing slow careful upward movements to expose the ice and beach.
Because there are light colours throughout this scene, the photo could have easily been taken with any filters or cloth. The cloth burned the foreground a little and dodged the sky. This is favourable in post-processing because you are retaining all the highlights in the sky which can handle a bit of shadow boosting if needed (because it is not an area of detail. The well exposed foreground can handle extra contrast which works well in a detailed foreground.
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The Magic Cloth Technique:
Pick a big cloth like a large sock, or the same size black card. Should be large enough to totally cover the optics. Better to be Dark. A dark colour is best. Use any shaped cloth, as long as you can get a straight edge.
Start with an ND filter or wait until it gets dark for a for a longer shutter speed, then over expose the image by 2 – 3 stops.
Magic Cloth is easier with a longer Shutter speed. 2-5 seconds requires a fast, but smooth movement to burn the sky within a reflex time (Karate Chop). 5-10 seconds allows for a controlled exposure of the foreground.
Magic Cloth Action
Make sure your cloth or card has a straight leading edge.
I usually lower the cloth very quickly and bring it up carefully.
My Camera Gear
Canon 5D - full frame
This is a professional landscape camera. The Canon 5D works in all weathers. Powerful live-view and sensor.
Canon EF 24mm f/1.4 l
Canon's 24mm Prime L lens is sharp from corner to corner and has a good aperture range.
Gitzo Carbon Fiber Tripod
Load Capacity: 26 lb Max Height: 60.8" Min Height: 8.7" Folded Height: 17.5"
B+W 77mm SC 106 ND
Neutral Density Filter