Contrast – the photography buzz word

Reynisdrangur and Reynisfjall
The iconic shape of Reynisdrangur and Reynisfjall cliffs on the right.

The most important concept in photographic art is ‘Contrast’. Contrast in photography and the many different applications of the words can be relevantly applied when considering photographic art.

Contrast of light and dark

As the study of light, photographic art should feature some contrast of light and dark. Brightness catches the eye and darkness keeps the eye. Be careful because the camera sees this relationship differently from the eye. For example the beautiful mid-day contrasts of light and dark become too harsh for the camera. I am well known for the quote, “There is no light or dark, only CONTRAST”.

Contrast of colour

The Contrast of colour could be a bright red roof in a green field. Contrast of colour can be distracting during composition. It should be considered in post-processing when the artist considers selective saturation and desaturation. Contrast among the colours should be strongest in the mid-tones. High local contrast in the highlights can look fake. High contrast in the shadows can introduce noise.

Snaefellsnes meadow
The colour contrast is strongest in the Mid-Tones.

Contrast of temperature

A voyage from cold to warmth can be a powerful tool in conveying atmosphere and feeling in a scene. The cold colours are the blues, the neutral colours are the greens and the warm colours are the reds.

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Contrast of subject matter

In Iceland it is possible to photograph Ice and Fire in the same scene, this is a powerful instance of a subject matter contrast. Whaling Ships next to Whale Watching ship in Reykjavik harbour is a political contrast in the subject matter. The Old Old wooden house among the towering class officies in Reykjavik’s financial district has a architectural contrast in the buildings. Look out for other juxtapositions such as a delicate flower amongst rocks or a tree in a desert.

Contrast of contrast

An image should not be packed with contrast. During post processing consider having some areas with very little contrast. This will make the contrasted areas stand out and lead the eye much better.

Glacier ice on the Diamond Beach, Iceland.
Selective high contrast – using Layers & Masks.
Winter mountain stream Iceland.
Low contrast background, high contrast foreground.

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By Tony Prower

Tony Prower spent over 15 years photographing the landscapes of Iceland. Tony Prower is a pioneer of the Magic Cloth Technique and ran thousands of photo tours in Iceland over 10 years.

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