Glacial Mirrors – Skaftafell East Iceland

Glacial Mirrors – Skaftafell East Iceland
Taken on January 5, 2017

Location: Between Skafatfell National Park and Svinafellsjökull. The view is over Skaftafellsjökull glacier tongue and we are about a kilometer from the ice.

According to our Geologist, photo-guide Owen Hunt,
“The moraine is relatively recent (post Ice Age, less than 8,000 years old) and has been modified by meltwater rivers which have flowed from the snout of the glacier. There are many kettle holes and kettle hole lakes in the area formed when blocks of ice break from the glacier snout, get covered in moraine and slowly melt. This leaves a kettle hole and if it fills with water it becomes a kettle hole lake.

This area was probably under ice maybe 600-800 years ago or maybe longer but not that long ago geologically.

The kettle hole blocks of ice broke off from the snout of the glacier and may have been moved by water or they could have been dead ice that had become detached from the glacier snout and then buried.

The glaciers in this area stretched much further from the mountains and were much thicker than they are today. They were more likely to be blocks broken from the glacier or dead ice. These were then covered in more deposits which were probably brought down by meltwater streams from the retreating ice.”

Camera settings

  • ƒ/14
  • 24 mm
  • 4 seconds
  • 400

[/one_third]

Mode: AV mode with + 2 stops over (compensation +/-).
Focus: f/11 hyperfocal mark. This is slightly weighted to the background.

  • Canon EOS 5D Mark III
  • EF24mm f/1.4L II USM
  • Medium weight Gitzo
  • 6 stop B&W ND filter
  • Magic Cloth = Black Winter glove.

Canon 5D – full frame

Recommended for Magic Cloth Photography.

Canon EF 24mm f/1.4L II USM

Tours Around Iceland

Background

This was early January on our Winter workshop. We were making our way down to the glacier tongue at Svinfallsjökull when I spot the colour in the clouds above Kristinatindur. Unfortunately, Kristinatindur is the peak that is hidden by clouds above the blue glacier tongue.

Focal length
The strong background of Kristinatindur and the thin glacier tongue lose little detail within 24mm at this distance.

Aperture
Because of how close I was to the foreground ice (see “Composition”) f/14 was chosen because sharpness is important right through the frame, from the edges of the ice to the scratches on the mountains. From memory, my lens was set to f/11 hyperfocal (favouring the background – because the lines are finer in the background).

Composition

I know these little ponds well and I enjoy some of the beautiful curves and random shapes made by the ice around the edges. If you pick the right spot, there is always a lot to see in the immediate foreground.

I didn’t enjoy composing this shot. I like to include whole shapes and I don’t like to see white objects disappearing out of the frame like this. If I back off to include the whole pond, I lose the close detail on the edge of the ice and upset the proportions, i.e. too much black rock. The proportions could have been restored somewhat by raising the tripod, but again I am losing that desirable ice detail in favour of shape. Also being low down produced a much richer reflection.

I enjoy looking at it though. The immediacy of the foreground edges and lines are intimate and it is easy to forgive the white objects disappearing out of frame.

Magic Cloth

Long exposure = 4 seconds.

Because of the foreground ice and reflection, this is not a big dynamic range scene. My starting exposure (AV mode) was 2 stops over. The photo could have been achieved without any filters or Magic Cloth, but the foreground would have required some brightening.

This was a very simple karate chop (after half second) followed by slowly raising the cloth over the remaining 3 & half seconds. Half a second on the sky was almost losing the detail and the highlights had to be brought back a little in LR – although there was no clipping. The extra exposure time on the foreground was almost perfect and has required very little processing in terms of luminosity and gave me lots of options regarding color saturation and clarity.

Post Processing

Here is the unprocessed image. As you can see the foreground has enough exposure for a whole range of processing options. The staged exposure of the magic cloth has fully exposed the most immediate foreground giving the best possible sharpness.

Glacier Landscape unprocessed
Glacier Landscape Lightroom Prepared
This image is the Lightroom preparation. It is unusual for me to export a full contrast file, but because of the exposure control, a contrast boost had no effect on image quality – no degradation. I adjusted the clarity, slight Chromatic Aberration adjustment, and slight noise reduction.
Northern lights HDR photography

Northern lights HDR photography

Northern Lights HDR Photography HDR exposures HDR means 'High Dynamic Range'. Multiple exposures are combined to give the result that a single exposure couldn't achieve. For northern light photography, the HDR technique means that you can include rich landscape or...

Beginner’s guide to Night Photography

Beginner’s guide to Night Photography

Night Photography Beginner's guide Shot in the dark Why am I writing about the basics of Night photography for beginners? Never the twain shall meet.. surely? Night photography requires a whole set of skills that are way beyond the typical beginner and the beginner...

Reflections in Landscape photography

Reflections in Landscape photography

Reflections in Landscape photography Reflecting on shiny Apart from the one I see every morning, I love reflections. They are a sign of cleanliness, stillness and value, but above all they are a visual treat. In the landscape they communicate the stillness in the air...

My Camera Gear

Canon 5D - full frame

These are heavy duty cameras. I have used the Canon 5D in all weathers. It has a powerful live-view and sensor.

Canon EF 24mm f/1.4 l

Canon's 24mm Prime L lens was all I used for many years.  It is responsible for over 80% of the photos on icelandaurora Sharp from corner to corner.

Gitzo Carbon Fiber Tripod

Load Capacity: 26 lb Max Height: 60.8" Min Height: 8.7" Folded Height: 17.5"

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

8 + 11 =

Support IcelandAurora

Photo Activities

Small Group Ice Cave

Subscribe

Looking for something else?

Composition

Exposure

Sharpness

Technical

3d 5d3 advice ansel adams art art shop artefacts automatic mode basic black & white brightness burst mode camera bag Camera gadgets camera gift Canon cleaning color colour coloured dots communication competition creativity critique Crop Factor digital noise digital photography digital technology discipline display display screen DSLR DSLRs electrical noise exhibiting exhibition filter wrench fine art fingerless gloves Frames per second full frame full frame sensor galleries gallery gopro hack ISO iso noise lens lens cap lens cloth lenses Live view macro Megapixels middle ground Nikon nodal point noise non-parallax point Olympus online portfolio Panasonic Pano Panorama parralax perception photo filter prime lens seeing semi-automatic sensor Sensor cleaning sensor noise shutter actuations Sigma signal to noise ratio Sony taking photos Tamron technology third party lens time-lapse timing tripod video visual skills zeiss

Photo subjects

Advertisement

Digital Downloads

Digital Downloads

50% Discount Limited Time!!

Pin It on Pinterest

Share This