Layers and Masks 1

For this guide you need to have Photoshop open with an image and be able to see the ‘Layers’ palette.

Layers and masks

Layers Palette

The Layers Palette

If you can’t find the layers palette, go to the ‘windows’ tab and select layers.

Now you can see it, so let me explain the different parts of the window… we will look at each aspect in greater detail later.

photoshop layers palette

  1. Mask – this button creates a mask for the selected layer, it won’t work with just one layer
  2. Adjustment layer – this button will create another layer for the sole purpose of adjusting levels, curves etc.
  3. New layer – this button will create a new (blank) layer or you can drag one of your layers onto it to duplicate it

Duplicate Layer

There is only one layer here called ‘background’. It is locked and you cannot create a mask, but you can duplicate it. Try duplicating your layer by dragging the thumb image onto button 3 (New layer button).

photoshop duplicate layer

Toggle the Palette

4. Normal – this is the way we want the layer to mix or interact with the layer below it.
5. Opacity – this is the strength of the top layer
6. Eyeball – this is a way of turning the top layer on or off.

Try these tools on your palette, what do you notice?

You should notice that there is not much effect when you toggle the buttons… why?

Because both your layers are exactly the same.

Where it says ‘Normal’ try running through the different blending settings. This can be done with your mouse wheel. Try to study each setting and work out why it is having a different effect. Why is ‘Multiply’ so called? Why is ‘Screen’ so called? Notice that you can adjust the strength of the top layer with two sliders: ‘opacity’ and ‘fill’.

Check out one of our Photography Tours


We caught the tail end of the overnight storm. The wind & sand created incredible scalloped textures in the fresh glacier ice.


Time to say good bye to Stokksness for another month. Vestrahorn mountain always delvers some beautiful scenes and not to mention the interesting weather.

Glacial Mirrors

We were making our way down to the glacier tongue at Svinfallsjökull when I spot the colour in the clouds above Kristinatindur.

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