Roughly translated, Vatnjökull is the “Lake Glacier” and it is not only the biggest glacier in Iceland, but it is Eurpoe’s largest piece of ice and is more than 300 square miles and almost a mile thick in places.  Vatnjökull is home to Europe’s second and third largest volcanoes. .It is also the home of the highest mountain peak in Iceland called ‘Hvannadalshjukur’.  This peak is over 2000 meters and takes a 14 hour hike to get to the top and back.  The Vatnjökull Glacier has many outlet glaciers (or glacier tongues) that can be accessed for activities such as hiking or photography.

Iceland’s glaciers are huge rivers of ice that cut deep grooves into the landscape.  During ice ages, the whole of Iceland would have been under glaciers as they forged the fjords.  They also affect the height of the land and with recent melting and shrinking of the glaciers, the town of Höfn in East Iceland has risen a few feet causing issues in the harbour for small fishing boats.  In the mountains surrounding glaciers, you will also notice how the horizontal striation lines are not horizontal but slant downwards towards the glacier.  Those line were perfectly horizontal when the mountains were created.This means that glaciers, like faith and Earthquakes, can move mountains.

Glacier Ice Prints


The easiest outlet glacier to access is Svinafellsjökull.  There is a road leading from the ring road down to the glacier tongue.  The road is in terrible condition and despite many millions of tourist tax dollars, the road hasn’t been graded in over 5 years.  Any car can drive this road, but it would be extremely uncomfortable in a small car.  

Svinafellsjokull Glacier

Close to the car park at Svinafellsjokull Glacier.

Although it is easy to access, it is not the safest choice for a glacier hike.  Recent mud slides have closed this glacier for hiking.  The glacier guides now use a nearby glacier outlet for hiking tours.  Svinafellsjökull is a ‘Game of Thrones’ location.


Skaftafellsjökull is a glacier outlet descending from Vatnajökull Glacier (Iceland’s largest ice cap). The panorama scene was photographed  from the ring road close to Skaftafell National park.


These are many hiking trails in the National park. This picture was taken from a viewpoint on one of the hiking trails as it split to the right just before Svartifoss waterfall. The viewpoint is a fair hike if you go via Svartifoss waterfall. There is a more direct path close to the visitor’s center which takes you straight up to this point. Although it s called a viewpoint, any point along the edge of Skaftafell hill can work equally well.   Skaftafellsjokull viewpoint  

Summer Hiking

There are 2 benefits to making this hike in the Summer time. Firstly, the days are long enough to take your time with the hike. Secondly, the mountains are usually free of snow, so the glacier stands out much better and has a good contrast against the mountains.

Panorana Photography

Skafta Pano The reason for shooting this view as a panorama was to communicate both where the ice was coming from and where it is going to. On the right of the scene, yo can see how the glacier ice is breaking up and melting into the lagoon and eventually the rivers. To the left you can see the glacier rise up into the mountains and even getting lost in the clouds. So the panorama is able to tell the whole story when an individual frame at 24mm would only tell you one half of the story.  

Glacier Lagoons

The Vatnjökull Glacier  has some of the best glacier lagoons in Iceland.  As the glaciers advances and shrinks, it leaves deep channels that fill with the melt water and sometimes even icebergs.


The famous ice lagoon is usually full of ice bergs that can be blue.  It is also possible to see stripes of black in the ice where a volcanic eruption has covered the glacier in black ash. The lagoon is so close to the ocean, that it is possible to see icebergs on the black sand beach.

Jokulsarlon Ice reflections

Jökulsarlon is undoubtedly the best place to photograph glacier ice.


The glacier lagoon at Fjallsarlon is often full of icebergs as well.  The lagoons is much smaller than Jokulsarlon. but it is possible to see the ice calving from the glacier shelf in the Summer.

Photography adventures

The following tours may include the Vatnjökull Glacier. The longer tours may allow opportunities for hiking.

Multi-day tours

We longer run Iceland photo tours, please click the ad below!

Glacier Ice Photography

Here are some more pictures of ice in Iceland.

Journey to the ice beach

This Winter photo was taken on the ice beach at Jokulsarlon on a photo tour at Sunrise. The blue of the glacier ice works well against the black sand and glowing sky. Winter Sunrise occurs out to sea in South Iceland, so we are often greeted with a colourful back drop to the Glacier ice.

Ice beach lobster

The Ice Beach at Jökulsarlon offers so many opportunities for unique photographs. I frame can look completely different a few seconds later. The Ice beach is called Breiðamerkursandur which means “The squirrel’s nutsack” although the translation has been lost over 1000 years. This shot was a mixture of the right timing and composition, al that […]

Jokulsarlon Sunset

This was a beautiful evening in August. If you can catch an August sunset at the lagoon, it is worth pulling out all the stops. The huge chunks of ice always make an interesting foreground. And this was all fairly comfortably captured from a spot comfortably near the car park. The exposure was controlled with […]

Blue Anchor

This colourful scene on the beach at Jökulsarlon is the result of careful observation. The waves moving around these big chunks were causing grooves in the black sand. With the right angle, the reflected sky colours enhanced the groove textures. This was reciprocal because the grooves enhanced the reflected colours. Magic Cloth Technique Canon 5D3 […]

Jokulsarlon Ripples

In February the ice on the glacier lagoon at Jökulsarlon can be packed together tightly. The main reason is that over the Winter, the ice hasn’t melted and instead has built up on the glacier lagoon. When the ice on Jökulsarlon is fully loaded, the surface of the ice becomes sculpted by the strong winds. […]